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King Solomon reigned over all the high and low worlds. The disk of the moon did not diminish during his reign, and good always gained the upper hand over evil. Power over the angels, demons and animals gave a special shine to his reign. Demons brought him precious stones and water from distant countries to irrigate his exotic plants. The animals and birds themselves came into his kitchen. Each of the thousand of his wives prepared a feast every day in the hope that the king would dine with her. The king of the birds, the eagle, obeyed all the directions of King Solomon. With the help of a magic ring, on which the name of the Most High was engraved, Solomon elicited many secrets from the angels. In addition, the Almighty gave him a flying carpet. Solomon moved on this carpet, having breakfast in Damascus and having dinner in Mussels. A wise king was once shamed by an ant, which he picked up from the ground during one of his flights, planted on his hand and asked: is there anyone greater in the world than he, Solomon. The ant replied that he considered himself to be greater, since otherwise the Lord would not have sent an earthly king to him and he would not have planted him in his hand. Solomon was angry, dropped the ant and shouted: “Do you know who I am?”. But the ant replied: “I know that you are created from a worthless embryo (Avot 3, 1), therefore you have no right to ascend too much.” The devices of the throne of King Solomon are described in detail in the Second Targum to the book of Esther (1. p.) And in other Midrashs. According to the Second Targum, there were 12 golden lions on the steps of the throne and as many golden eagles (according to another version 72 and 72) one against the other. Six steps led to the throne, each of which contained golden images of representatives of the animal kingdom, two different at each step, one opposite the other. At the top of the throne was an image of a dove with a dovecote in its claws, which was to symbolize the rule of Israel over the pagans. There was also a gold candlestick with fourteen cups for candles, seven of which were engraved with the names of Adam, Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Job, and the other seven were with the names of Levi, Keat, Amram, Moshe, Aaron, Eldad and Hura (according to another version – Haggaya). Above the candlestick there was a golden jug with oil, and below – a golden bowl, on which were engraved the names of Nadab, Abigou, Eli and his two sons. 24 vines above the throne created a shadow over the king’s head. With the help of a mechanical device, the throne moved at the request of Solomon. According to Targum, all the animals, with the help of a special mechanism, stretched their paws, when Solomon ascended the throne so that the king could rely on them. When Solomon reached the sixth step, the eagles raised him and seated him on a chair. Then the big eagle put a crown on his head, and the rest of the eagles and lions went up to form a shadow around the king. The dove descended, took a Torah scroll from the ark and laid it on Solomon’s lap. When the king, surrounded by Sanhedrin, proceeded to parse the case, the wheels (ofanim) began to turn, and the animals and birds emitted cries, which made those who intended to give false testimony tremble. In another Midrash it is said that during the procession of Solomon to the throne, an animal standing at each step raised it and passed it on to the next. The steps of the throne were covered with precious stones and crystals. After the death of Solomon, the Egyptian king Shishak seized his throne along with the treasures of the Temple (Mlahim I, 14, 26). After the death of Sanheriv, who conquered Egypt, the throne again took possession of Hizkiago. Then the throne was successively taken over by Pharaoh Necho (after the defeat of the king Yoshii), Nevukhadnetsaru and, finally, Ahashveroshu. These rulers were not familiar with the device of the throne and therefore could not use it. The Midrashs also describe the construction of Solomon’s “hippodrome”: he had three farsangs in length and three in width; in the middle of it were two pillars with cages above, in which various animals and birds were collected.
When building the Temple, Solomon was assisted by angels. The element of the miracle was felt everywhere. The heavy stones themselves went up and down to the proper place. Possessing the gift of prophecy, Solomon foresaw that the Babylonians would destroy the Temple. Therefore, he arranged a special underground box in which the ark of the covenant was subsequently hidden (Abbarbel to Mlahim I, 6, 19). The golden trees planted by Solomon in the Temple bore fruit every season. The trees withered when the pagans entered the Temple, but they would blossom again with the coming of the Messiah (Yoma 21 b). Pharaoh’s daughter brought with her to the house of Solomon belongings of the cult of idolaters. When Solomon married Pharaoh’s daughter, the other Midrash reports, the archangel Gabriel descended from the sky and thrust a pole into the depths of the sea, around which the island was formed, on which Rome was built, which conquered Jerusalem. R. Yose bin Khalafta, who always “takes the side of King Solomon,” believes, however, that Solomon, having married Pharaoh’s daughter, had the sole purpose of converting her to Jewry. It is believed that Mlahim I, 10, 13 should be interpreted in the sense that Solomon entered into a sinful relationship with the king